Note Making kya hai in hindi|Note Making Summarising Sub-headling

 (A) Note-Making/Summarising/Sub-headling

इस खण्ड में आपको एक Unseen Passage दिया जायेगा। इस Passage पर आपको

NAN बनाने होंगे। इसका तात्पर्य यह है कि इसमें से आपको महत्त्वपूर्ण points निकालने हैं

पाकि आप Passage को Summary या Precis बना सकें। इसके अतिरिक्त, की

Note-Making क्या है?

स्मृति को सहायता के लिए संक्षिप्त रिकॉर्ड लेखन को नोट मेकिंग कहते हैं। कुछ लोग

भाषण सुनते वक्त, पुस्तक पढ़ते वक्त कुछ-कुछ संक्षिप्त लिखते जाते हैं। यही संक्षिप्त लेखन

बाद में पूरे भाषण को समझने में सहायता करता है।

Note-Making हेतु महत्वपूर्ण सुझाव

(1) Focus of attention - When we read an article or a lesson, our mind

and attention slips away and we lose the grip and interest in reading. Taking

notes keeps your mind and attention fixed. They do not loiter here and there.

You achieve concentration which is very essential in learning.

यह हमारे ध्यान को एकाा रखता है।

(1) Improvement of Memory - Taking notes helps you in memorizing

(acts and figures, quotations, main points etc., which makes it easy to keep the

whole article in mind. Writing makes an exact man.

यह हमारी स्मृति को तेज रखता है।

(3) Help in Writing Summary or Precis-By rearranging the ideas

from notes, you may prepare a gist or precis of the article.

सारांश लिखने में सहायता मिलती है।

(4) Useful Quotations--The notes help us in quoting important things

to support our speech or expressions.

उद्धरण हमारे कथन या लेख को पुष्ट करते हैं।

(5) Dictionary Consultation Habit-While taking notes, you must

consult the dictionary. This habit will improve your vocabulary and knowledge.

शब्दकोश देखने की उपयोगी आदत हमारे शब्द ज्ञान को विस्तृत करती है।

(6) Art of Editing-We learn the art of editing which proves to bey,

useful in the future.

सम्पादन कला सीखने को मिलती है।

(7) Books or Magazines Neat and Clean Our books and magazine


remain clean of markings or underlining.

पुस्तकें साफ, स्वच्छ रहती हैं।

(8) Helpful in Examination-While solving the questions papier


answers spring up in our mind.

परीक्षा में उत्तर हमें याद आ जाते हैं।

(9) Help in Composition—This habit helps us in composing 2



original article.

मौलिक रचना करने में सहायता मिलती है।


(10) Improves Handwriting Our handwriting improves because of


हस्तलेखन सुन्दर होता है।

Note-making के बाद summarising करते हैं। इस प्रक्रिया में निम्नलिखित बिन सम्मिलित होते हैं-

(a) महत्वपूर्ण बिन्दुओं को रेखांकित करना।

(b) बिन्दुओं को संक्षेप में लिखना।

(c) उदाहरण, व्याख्या तथा पुनरुक्ति से बचें।

Sub-titling द्वारा पाठक को एक ही नजर में sub-topics में विषय में जानकार

उपलब्ध हो जाती है। Sub-titling का मुख्य उद्देश्य किसी long passage के प्रत्येक भाग

के प्रमुख विषय के सन्दर्भ में जानकारी उपलब्ध कराना है। स्पष्टतया sub-titles पाठक को

एक long passage पढ़ने के दौरान हो रही बोरियत से बचाते हैं तथा उसकी विषय-सामग

को समझने में सहायता करते हैं।

Solved Examples


The next six years, Edison made a series of inventions. One invention he was working on a machine that could reproduce the human voice. The net followed another quickly and Edison earned more fame and money. In 189 year, he actually made one. It was then called the talking machine. We cal the gramophone now. The same year, he was invited to the White House Washington. That is the name of the house where the President of the United States of America lives. Edison went there to show his new machine of and prosperous. He owed all this to his mother's help and encouragement President. This made him famous all over America. Now he was success to his own hard work. In March, 1878, he began to work on an electric lamp. People l candles and oil lamps in those days. They did not have electric lights. Edi praised te geve themeletne light in foe youts. When he suddivis, il the

cientist laughed him. They said that we are, Sor Bison was

experiments, but all of them failed. But he did not know horse, I must keep

E promise to the people," he said to himself and worked harder sollte

is fue brg ugainst time. At last, be sicereded in making an electric bulbs atret

nearly one thousand and two hundred onyerments. On New Year's Day,

1980), he and his workers put up electric lights at his laboratory People from

all ever Amervea came to see that wand sihat. Fossen had kept his promise

w the people. On 4th Sep, 1482, for the first time, New York shee in the

brightness of electric lights,


A. Read the above passage carefully and make notes on it

B. Write the summary of the passage,

C. Provide subtitles for each paragraph


A. Notes :

(1) Edison made a series of inventions in six years,

6) He made a machine and showed it to the President of USA.

Cu) Later on, he began to work on an electric lamp

(iv) After many experiments, he finally succeeded

(W) Edison had kept his promise made to the people to America

B. Summary - In the next six years, Edison made several inventions. In

1878, he invented the talking machine (gramophone) which made him

popular when he showed it to the President of USA at White House in

Washington. In March, 1978, he started working on an electric lamp

and promised people to give them electric light in two years, as there

was no clestre light at that time. After almost one thousand and two

hundred experiments, he succeeded in making an electric lamp and

they poned in his laboratory on New Year's Day, in 1880. Ón 4

Sepember 1882, New York was illuminated with electric lights for

the first time,

C. Subtitles Para 1 : Edison Invents the Talking Machine.

Pura 2: Edison Invents the Electric Bulb.


wer Tom Ramsay. All his life he had been hard-working, decent

Ganga Ramsay was a respectable lawyer. He was a year older than

we and straightforward. George led a respectable family life. Even

hehad never been false to his wife. To his four daughters, he was

in sill the faults and failings of his brother, he repeatedly helped

fathers. He was also affectionate and helpful to his only brother

Woney so that he might make a fresh in life He could not bear

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